A topographical survey (also known as a topographical land survey or topo for short) is a detailed geomatic survey of an area of land.
The survey is typically concerned with picking up both man-made and natural elements. Human-made items include buildings, steps/stairs, drainage, areas of hard standing, etc. Natural elements include ground heights, tree locations, watercourses, etc.
A survey is typically undertaken using a range of surveying equipment including total stations, GPS equipment, handheld lasers, and tape measures.
Following the site survey work, a suite of drawings is produced in CAD (Computer-Aided Design) format. We offer a range of drawing types including plans, elevations, and sections. These can then be used as a basis for your proposed designs.
Topographical surveys can be undertaken to an in-house company standard. A professional survey company, however, will follow standards from industry bodies such as the Survey Association or RICS.
Read more about what a topographical survey is here.