Famous Buildings in Australia
Australia’s most famous buildings are an eclectic mix of architectural styles and ideas.
Article By: Francesca Burke
Last Update: July 2018
Dr Chau Chak Wing Building, New South Wales
Known as the ‘Paper Bag Building’, the Dr. Chau Chak Wing Building in Sydney is the first building in Australia designed by Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry. It forms the business school building of the University of Technology Sydney, and the design was based on the idea of a tree house. The façade is made from 320,000 custom-designed bricks, while the internal layout is quite complicated. Gehry has said of the building, ‘it’s open-ended and it hopefully gives them the spirit of invention.’
Q1 Building, Queensland
The Gold Coast in Queensland is known for its skyline, and the Queensland Number 1 Building (‘Q1’) is the jewel in its architectural crown. Opened in 2005, Q1 was the tallest residential building in the world at the time, measuring 337 metres. It’s since lost the title (it’s currently at number six!) but is still Australia’s tallest building. Designed by the Sunland Group, a series of aluminum-clad ribbons wrap concentrically around the tower and hover over the entrance. As well as apartments, Q1 contains three swimming pools, a gym, a theatre, a ballroom and a spa.
Indiana Tea Rooms, Western Australia
Cottesloe Beach in Perth, Western Australia, is one of the most beautiful beaches in the world, with pure white sand and stunning sea views. Originally built on the beach in 1910 as an art deco ice cream parlour, the Indiana has developed over the years into a well-known restaurant, events venue and local landmark. It’s certainly somewhere we could spend a day!
Flinders Street Railway Station, Victoria
The Flinders Street station in Melbourne, Victoria, first opened in 1854 – the first railway station in Australia. The current main building, designed by Fawcett and Ashworth, is in the French Renaissance style and was completed in 1909. Named ‘Green Light’, the design’s arched entrance, clock tower, and prominent dome has earned its place as an icon of Melbourne.
Sydney Opera House, New South Wales
A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2007, the Sydney Opera House is one of the most famous buildings on the planet. Designed by relatively-unknown Danish architect Jørn Utzon in 1957, pre-cast concrete ‘shells’ form the roof, while the walls are clad in pink granite. The building covers 4.4 acres in total, and is supported on 588 concrete piers sunk 25m below sea level! Multiple venues within the Opera House host over 1,500 each year, attracting about eight million visitors.
We hope you enjoyed this insight into Australian architecture! If you have any questions, please leave a comment.